HINDQUARTERS—The angulation of the hindquarters balances that of the forequarters.  Hipbones falls away from the spinal column at an angle of about30 degrees, producing a slightly rounded, well filled-out croup.  Upper Shanks at right angles to the hip bones are long, wide, and well muscled on both sides of thigh, with clearly defined stifles.  Upper and lower shanks are of equal length.  While the dog is at rest, hock to heel is perpendicular to the ground.  Viewed from the rear, the legs are straight, parallel to each other, and wide enough apart to fit in with a properly built body.  Dewclaws, if any, are generally removed.  Cat feet as on front legs, turning neither in nor out.

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